Typically, the stakes in criminal cases are higher than in civil matters. For serious criminal charges, the end result can be decades in prison if the accused is convicted.
For this reason, it is vital that the jury are sure that the produced against the accused is very strong. They must be convinced beyond all reasonable doubt that the person on trial committed the crime before they convict.
However, there is no single definition for “beyond reasonable doubt”, and it is up to the jury to decide at the end of the day. There are some guiding principles on this matter though, as outlined below.
The legal foundations
As stated, there is not a single definition of “beyond a reasonable doubt” but the US Constitution does offer some guidance based on a statement made by the Prominent legal scholar, William Blackstone. He set out Blackstone’s ratio, which states that it is far better for 10 guilty parties to walk free than for one innocent person be convicted.
The strength of the evidence
In criminal trials, the jury will hear the evidence, the argument from the prosecution as well as the case of the defense. Upon this, they are tasked with either convicting the defendant or setting them free. A conviction can only be safe if the evidence presented proves beyond all reasonable doubt that the accused is guilty. If there is a reasonable doubt, then the jury is obliged to err on the side of caution according to Blackstone’s ratio.
The American legal system is designed to protect the innocent rather than persecute them. If you are facing charges for something you did not do, having legal guidance can help to point out the reasonable doubt that is needed to maintain your innocence.